Consumption of sustainable fatty fish, such as farmed rainbow trout, may help reduce risks of coronary heart disease and save the environment.
Katherine Hobson ranks farmed rainbow trout among the healthiest and most sustainable fatty fish. Aside from getting those rich Omega-3 fatty acids, eating trout may save you money and help support sustainable fish farming. Trout tend to be more affordable than some types of good fatty fish, in particular wild caught salmon and halibut. Moreover, farmed rainbow trout are a more sustainable fish than wild caught salmon and farmed salmon.
Buying Farmed Rainbow Trout
Thank to an increasing appreciation of fatty fish, farmed rainbow trout have become widely available at supermarkets. According to the New England Aquarium website, rainbow trout farms in the U.S. have well-established production techniques, allowing farmers to raise quality trout year round without causing big environmental harms. Due to their abundance, farmed rainbow trout are accessible and affordable.
Fresh trout should be used within two days after purchase. Check for expiration date on the packaging of frozen trout. When buying farmed rainbow trout, keep in mind that this fatty fish sometimes go by other names, including: golden trout, hardhead, redband, and salmon trout. The New England Aquarium recommends purchasing U.S. farmed rainbow trout.
Preparing and Eating Trout
Unlike sardines, another good fatty fish, trout are easy to prepare and enjoy. As a fatty fish, trout already contain a high level of calories. Steaming and baking are two ways of preparing trout that involve little or no external sources of fat, such as oil or butter. Quickly rinse and dry trout with paper towel before cooking. If you are using whole trout, leave the skin on. The skin will come off more easily after cooking; leaving the skin also helps trout retain moisture during cooking. Trout can be very delicious on their own, with just a sprinkling of salt and pepper for seasoning.
Trout Consumption for Women and Children: Health Risks?
The American Heart Association recommends that adults should eat at least two servings (approximately 8 ounces) of fish, especially fatty fish, a week. As with any fish, farmed rainbow trout should be consumed with moderation when it comes to children and pregnant women. Katherine Hobson notes in the US News and World Report article cited above that the Environmental Defense Fund suggests for children to limit consumption to two to three servings a month, due to moderate PCB contamination found in trout.
There are a number of good fatty fish to choose from. Farmed rainbow trout stand out among them thank to their affordability, wide availability, and health benefits. They truly show that one does not have to spend fortunes to enjoy good, delicious, healthy fatty fish.